This section is primarily devoted to the unusual characteristics of the operating behavior of engine components that are related to damage. There are many theoretical and practical works available on the market that deal with design and construction. They are primarily intended as instructional aids and focus on questions concerning aerodynamics, thermodynamics, and strength. Although engine technology and component construction and design are dealt with in extensive works on the subject (practical literature: Refs. 126.96.36.199-1 to -3), the depiction of hardware problems is usually insufficient. For this reason, this chapter concentrates on describing problems that occur during operation, as well as their causes and possible remedies. Specifications pertaining to the fundamentals of the operating behavior are limited to those which are most necessary in order for a professional to understand the process.
In the following text, engine components are dealt with in separate chapters, according to the major engine part groups into which they can be classified: